Topkapi is the largest and oldest palace in the world to survive to this day. In 1924 it became a museum, at the request of Ataturk. Located on the Acropolis, the site of the first settlement in Istanbul, it commands a breathtaking view of the Golden Horn, the Bosphorus and the Sea of Marmara. The palace is a complex surrounded by 5 km of walls and occupies an area of 700,000 square meters. m at the tip of the historical peninsula.
After the conquest of the city in 1453, the young Sultan Mehmet moved the capital of empire to Istanbul, his first palace is located in the city center. The second palace built in the 1470s, was initially called the New Palace, but in recent times it cam to be known in Topkapi Palace. Topkapi is a classic example of Turkish architecture palace. It consists Tree- shaded patios, each serving a purpose and unlike other monumental gates opening. The courtyards are surrounded by functional buildings. Since its construction equipment, the palace constantly developed with modifications and additions made by each Sultan.
When the sultans moved to glitzy Dolmabahçe Palace in 1853, Topkapi lost its importance after the official royal residence and was left to deteriorate. It finally regained its former beauty unpretentious after fifty years of continuous restoration in the Republican era. Most of the exhibits in the palace today are unique masterpieces.
When used as a palace, it served more features that one normally associates with royal residences. Although it was the residence of the Sultan, the sole ruler of the empire, was on the same computer center administrative, where met the Council of Ministers, and the treasury, mint and state archives were there . The highest educational institution of the empire, Sultan University and the state was also here. So was the heart, the brain, the heart of the Ottoman Empire. Much later, the harem (gated) Sultans moved here too.
Of the sixteen empires founded by the Turks, the Ottoman Empire was the longest running and largest. It lasted 622 years ruling over the Asian, European and African lands surrounding the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
People of different races and religions were united under his rule. The only other empire in history as That Ruled vast lands for such a long period was the Roman Empire.
Thirty-six sultans reigned during this period, and from the early 16th century also became the religious leaders of the Islamic world caliphs.
Public servants able, after completing his education at school in the private courtyard of the Sultan, served faithfully and successfully in the administration and organization of the empire. Graduates of this school Most viziers and grand viziers were. Life began in the morning in the palace and was subject to strict rules and ceremonies. Everyone had to abide by the centuries-old customs and traditions, and these are strictly observed even when the empire fell into a period of decline. The label of this palace always influenced the rules of protocol in the Western world.
The seaside mansions and pavilions of Topkapi Palace were demolished at the end of last century.
The different tiles, woodwork and architectural styles shown in the Topkapi Palace reflects the development of Turkish art and harmonious existence of different styles over the centuries
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